Dublin 3 Agreement

The Dublin 3 Agreement: Explained

The Dublin 3 Agreement, also known as the Dublin III Regulation, is an EU law that governs which EU country is responsible for processing an asylum seeker`s application for protection. This agreement was implemented on July 1, 2013, and replaced the Dublin II Regulation.

The fundamental principle of the Dublin 3 Agreement is that the EU country where an asylum seeker first arrives is responsible for processing their application. The goal of this agreement is to prevent asylum seekers from submitting multiple applications in different EU countries and to ensure that each application is processed quickly and fairly.

Under the Dublin 3 Agreement, asylum seekers can only apply for protection once in the EU. If an asylum seeker is found to have submitted multiple applications, they can be returned to the EU country where they first applied for protection. This process is known as the Dublin III procedure.

The Dublin 3 Agreement also contains provisions that allow for the transfer of asylum seekers between EU countries. If an asylum seeker has family members in another EU country, for example, they may be transferred to that country to allow for family reunification.

One of the challenges of the Dublin 3 Agreement is that some EU countries, such as Italy and Greece, have disproportionately high numbers of asylum seekers arriving on their shores. This can create a burden on these countries` asylum systems, leading to delays in processing applications. To address this, the EU has implemented various measures, such as providing financial support to countries with high numbers of asylum seekers and creating a system to redistribute asylum seekers across the EU.

The Dublin 3 Agreement has been the subject of debate and criticism. Some argue that it places an unfair burden on countries with external borders, while others argue that it is necessary to prevent asylum seekers from „shopping” for the country with the most favorable asylum policies. Regardless of its flaws, the Dublin 3 Agreement remains a crucial piece of EU asylum law that helps manage the asylum process across the EU.